HISTORY MEME - WORLD VERSION ♛ [01/08] objects : Rosetta stone

The Rosetta Stone is an ancient Egyptian granodiorite stele inscribed with a decree issued at Memphis in 196 BC on behalf of King Ptolemy V. The decree appears in three scripts: the upper text is Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the middle portion Demotic script, and the lowest Ancient Greek. Because it presents essentially the same text in all three scripts (with some minor differences among them), it provided the key to the modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs. Originally displayed within a temple, the stone was probably moved during the early Christian or medieval period and eventually used as building material in the construction of Fort Julien near the town of Rashid (Rosetta) in the Nile Delta. It was rediscovered there in 1799 by a soldier, Pierre-François Bouchard, of the French expedition to Egypt. Ever since its rediscovery, the stone has been the focus of nationalist rivalries, including its transfer from French to British possession during the Napoleonic Wars, a long-running dispute over the relative value of Young and Champollion’s contributions to the decipherment, and since 2003, demands for the stone’s return to Egypt. Two other fragmentary copies of the same decree were discovered later, and several similar Egyptian bilingual or trilingual inscriptions are now known, including two slightly earlier Ptolemaic decrees (the Decree of Canopus in 238 BC, and the Memphis decree of Ptolemy IV, ca. 218 BC). The Rosetta Stone is therefore no longer unique, but it was the essential key to modern understanding of Ancient Egyptian literature and civilization. The term Rosetta Stone is now used in other contexts as the name for the essential clue to a new field of knowledge.

  1. j4ndr4 reblogged this from junoinfernas
  2. izzyknopes reblogged this from grand-duchessa
  3. sheishistoric reblogged this from john-marshall-official
  4. goodbyenorthernlights reblogged this from alexanderhamiltonisthebottom
  5. alexanderhamiltonisthebottom reblogged this from voxantiqua
  6. oystercakes reblogged this from terranova89
  7. john-marshall-official reblogged this from burritevaporwave
  8. burritevaporwave reblogged this from voxantiqua
  9. voxantiqua reblogged this from horriblycheerful
  10. tranimation reblogged this from history-in-pictures
  11. themandrifolie reblogged this from history-in-pictures
  12. skybug12 reblogged this from history-in-pictures
  13. terranova89 reblogged this from senjukannon
  14. motherfuckingparis reblogged this from history-in-pictures
  15. sheddingthedisguise reblogged this from horriblycheerful
  16. waxlermon reblogged this from history-in-pictures
  17. horriblycheerful reblogged this from history-in-pictures
  18. senjukannon reblogged this from history-in-pictures
  19. history-in-pictures reblogged this from teatimeatwinterpalace
  20. attoliakingdom reblogged this from isabelladeste
  21. dolley-charlotte reblogged this from teatimeatwinterpalace
  22. hypotrochoids reblogged this from teatimeatwinterpalace
  23. fletflet reblogged this from teatimeatwinterpalace
  24. chicago-is-so2yearsago reblogged this from teatimeatwinterpalace
  25. dressthesavage reblogged this from teatimeatwinterpalace
WF